Guide to the 54 African Countries af Africa

In the world we live in, Africa happens to have the second-largest population. It is about 15% of the world population following the last census head in 2009.

There are 54 countries in Africa, and in this article, we’re going to walk you through these countries speaking over 1000 official language so you’ll be more informed.

Flags of the african nations shown on a continent map.

About the 54 African Countries

List of the 54 countries followed by short descriptions:

AlgeriaDR CongoGuinea-BissauMoroccoSouth Africa
AngolaCongo RepIvory CoastMozambiqueSouth Sudan
BeninDjiboutiKenyaNamibiaSudan
BotswanaEgyptLesothoNigerSwaziland
Burkina FasoEq. GuineaLiberiaNigeriaTanzania
BurundiEritreaLibyaRwandaTogo
CameroonEthiopiaMadagascarSao Tome & PrincipeTunisia
Cape VerdeGabonMalawiSenegalUganda
Central African Rep.GambiaMaliSeychellesZambia
ChadGhanaMauritaniaSierra LeoneZimbabwe
ComorosGuineaMauritiusSomalia
The 54 countries of Africa

Algeria

This North African country close to the Saharan desert is the largest country by land area in Africa. As of 2019, Algeria reached a population benchmark of over 43.05 million. When compared to all other countries in Africa, the country holds the highest tourist attraction.

Angola

The seventh-largest country in Africa is Angola, with a population estimate of 31 million in 2020. The country is well-known for its crude oil resources, and diamonds as the primary source of revenue for its economy.

Benin

Benin is the most popular French-speaking country in African, and aside from that, it’s well-known for its bronze. The country has a population of 11.8 million, according to 2019 stats. The capital of Benin is Cotonou which is located on the south coast of the country. 

Botswana

Botswana is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa close to the Kalahari Desert. Botswana is known for its natural resources, including diamonds, copper, coal, silver and iron ore. 

Botswana is the lowest populated country in Africa, with only 2.304 million as of 2019. The capital of Botswana is Gaborone.

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso is another landlocked country that bares close borders with Mali, Niger, Benin and Togo and Ghana to the south. Burkina Faso has the largest craft market in Africa. 

Burkina Faso’s population as of 2019 stats stands at 20.32 million, and the country has its capital in Ouagadougou. 

Burundi

Burundi is a country located in East Africa. The country holds a population count of 12.5 million people. 70% of the populations are sustenance farmers.

The country is one of the poorest countries in the world and the fourth poorest country in Africa. The capital of Burundi is Gitega.

Cameroon

Cameroon is a Central African country located in the Gulf of Guinea. It is the African country with the highest literacy rate in Africa, with 25.88 million people. 

Cameroon has two official languages – French and English language. Yaoundé is the capital of the country.

Cape Verde

The Republic of Cabo Verde is close to the Atlantic Ocean. Cape Verde is one of the lowest populated countries in Africa, with just a population of 560,126, which is not even up to a million.  

The official language of Cape Verde is Portuguese, and the capital is Praia.

Central African Republic

It is a landlocked country located in Central Africa, with a population of 4.745 million people. It bears close borders to Chad in the north and Cameroon to the west.

The core resources available for export in Cameroon are timber and diamond. It is one of the poorest countries in Africa, with 60% living in poverty. The capital of the Central African Republic is Bangui.  

Chad

Chad is located in north-central Africa, bearing close borders to Libya. The country’s population currently stands at 16.9 million, while its capital and largest city is N’Djamena. The two official languages in Chad are Arabic and French.

Comoros

Comoros is a country in East Africa close to the Mozambique Channel. Comoros is yet another under-populated country in Africa with a population of 850,886. 

The countries capital is Moroni, and the official languages are French, Arabic and Comorian.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo, also called DR Congo, is a country located in Central Africa. DR Congo is the second-largest country in Africa by area. The population of the country is 86.79 million, and the countries capital is Kinshasa. 

Republic of the Congo

The country is also known as Congo Brazzaville, located in Central Africa. Republic of the Congo has a population of 5.381 million, with Lingala and Kituba has its national language. Its capital is called Brazzaville. 

Djibouti

Djibouti is said to be located in the horn of Africa located in the east. The country has a population of 973,560 people who are Arabic speaking and communicate with Afar and Somali, which is the national language. Djibouti is also the name of the country’s capital.

Egypt

Egypt is an Africa country that connects both the Middle East and northeast Africa. Egypt is one of the most populated countries in Africa, with 100.4 million people. The largest city and also the capital of Egypt is Cairo. 

Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea is located in Central Africa and has five volcanoes offshores. The official languages are Portuguese, French and Spanish. 

The core natural resource of the country is Crude oil. The population of Equatorial Guinea is 1.356 million, with its capital at Malabo.

Eritrea

Eritrea is a country close to the Red Sea coast, sharing borders with Djibouti and Ethiopia. Eritrea does not have any official language but working languages, which are English, Arabic, and Tigrinya. 

The population of the country is 6 million people as of 2020. Its capital and largest city is Asmara.

Ethiopia

The Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is a country in East Africa separated by the Great Rift Valley. Its languages are diverse has it has Afar, Somali, Oromo, Amharic, and Tigrinya has the official language. 

Ethiopia has a population of 112.1 million citizens, and its capital city is Addis Ababa.

Gabon

Gabon is close to the Atlantic coast of central Africa, with over 2.2 million population. 

Gabon’s capital is Libreville, and its vernacular languages are Hindi, French, Fang, Nzebi, Punu and Teke. Gabon happens to be the fifth largest country in Africa. 

Gambia

Gambia is a small country that holds close boundaries to Senegal. It’s one of the West Africa countries with the highest wildlife. 

The country’s population stands at about 2.5 million, and Gabon’s capital city is Banjul.  

Ghana

It was formerly called Gold Coast, a country close to the Gulf of Guinea. The country has a population of over 30.4 million, and its capital city is Accra. The official language in Ghana is English, while it has other diverse national languages. 

Guinea

Guinea is a West Africa country close to the Atlantic Ocean, known for its diverse reserve called the Nimba Strict Nature Reserve. 

The capital city of Guinea is called Conakry, and the official language is French. Guinea has a population of about 12.8 million people.

Guinea-Bissau

Guinea-Bissau is a West Africa country rated as one of the ten poorest countries in the world. 

Bissau is the name of its capital city. The country has a population of about 12.77 million people. 

Ivory Coast

Ivory Coast is another West African country, popularly known as Cote d’Ivoire. The country has an average dense population of about 25.72 million. Its capital city is called Yamaussouko, while it’s official language is French and English.

Kenya

Kenya is designated in East Africa close to the Indian Ocean. The capital city of the country is called Nairobi, and the official language is Swahili and English.

The country’s population stands at about 52.6 million and holds the record has the 48th largest country in the world by area.

Lesotho

Lesotho is a country located in the southern part of Africa, with a population of 2.2 million. Lesotho has its capital city in Maseru, with diverse language, but have English as the official language. 

Liberia

Liberia is another West Africa country that holds boundaries with Cote d’Ivoire, Sierra Leona and Guinea. 

Liberia has a population of 5.1 million, and the capital city is Monrovia. The country holds the record of Africa’s oldest republic. 

Libya

Libya is a North African country bordered by the Mediterranean Sea, Egypt, Chad, Sudan and Niger. 

Libya capital is called Tripoli, and the nation’s official language is Arabic. The population of Libya is around 6.9 million. 

Madagascar

The Republic of Madagascar is an east Africa country close to the Indian Ocean, and it is the world second largest island country. 

Madagascar has a population of about 26.97 million, with the capital in Antananarivo.

Malawi

Malawi is a southeastern Africa country with over 18million, and its largest and capital city is Lilongwe. 

The country is known for its freshwater lake called Lake Malawi. The official language is English and Chewa.

Mali

Mali’s holds record has the eighth-largest country in Africa, having a landmass of over 1,240,000 square kilometres. 

Mali has a population of 20.1 million. Its capital city is called Bamako, and the spoken official language is French.

Mauritania

The Islamic Republic of Mauritania is known to be the eleventh largest sovereign state in Africa. 

The country’s capital city is called Nouakchotti, and the Mauritania population is 4.6 million. 

Mauritius

Mauritius is an Indian Ocean Island located in East Africa, famous for its beaches. The population of Mauritius is 1.3 million, and the capital of the country is called Port Luis. French and English is the official language of the country. 

Morocco

Morocco is a North African country that is quite close to the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. 

The language that is officially spoken in Morocco is English, and the capital city is called Rabat. Morocco has a population of over 36.7 million. 

Mozambique

The country is located in east Africa, with a handful of marine parks and beaches. Mozambique population currently sits at 31 million, with the capital of the country in Maputo. Portuguese is the official language of Mozambique. 

Namibia

Namibia is a southwest Africa country known for its diverse wildlife. The capital city of Namibia is called Windhoek. 

Namibia has a population of 2.495 million. In most Africa countries, Namibia has incredible landscapes. 

Niger

The Republic of Niger is located in West Africa, with boundaries in Libya, Benin, Nigeria and Chad.  Niger has a population of over 23 million, with the capital city in Niamey. French is the official language spoken in Niger.  

Nigeria

Nigeria is known as the giant of Africa. It’s a country close to the Gulf of Guinea with various natural landmarks. Nigeria is the most populated country in Africa, with over 200 million, and the capital city is called Abuja. 

The official language is English, while the major ethnic groups are Igbo, Hausa and Yoruba.

Rwanda

Rwanda is another eastern Africa country, known to be among the smallest countries in Africa. 

The capital city of Rwanda is called Kigali. Rwanda has a population of about 12.63 million, and the official languages are French, English, and Kinyarwanda. 

Sao Tome and Principe

The country is among the Africa Island nation known for its coral formations and versatile rock topography. Sao Tome and Principe have a population of 215,056. The capital city is called Sao Tome.  

Senegal

Senegal is located in the western part of Africa, with a population of over 16.4 million. The capital city of Senegal is called Dakar, and its official language is French. 

Seychelles

Seychelles is located in the eastern part of Africa, with 99,625, making it the least populated country in Africa. The official language is French, English and Seselwa. 

Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone is a country very close to the Atlantic Ocean, with a population of over 8million. The capital city is called Freetown, and the country official language is English. 

Somalia

The Republic of Somalia is located in the horn of Africa on the map, with the capital in Mogadishu. 

The country holds the record of the longest coastline in Africa. Somalia is a country with a population of over 15.4 million.  

South Africa

South Africa is based in the southern part of the continent, with over 60 million in population. The capital cities of the country are Pretoria, Cape Town and Bloemfontein. 

South Africa has various official languages, Afrikaans, Zulu, English, Venda, and Xhosa. 

South Sudan

The Republic of South Sudan is based in East-Central Africa, with the capital in Juba. The population of South Sudan is 11.5 million, and its official language is English. I

Sudan

Sudan’s republic is located in Northeast Africa, having close borders with Egypt, Libya, Chad, and southern Sudan. The capital city is called Khartoum, and the population of the country is over 42.9 million. 

Swaziland

The kingdom of Eswatini is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, with two capitals – Mbabane and Lobamba. Swaziland population is about 1.2 million, and the official languages are Swati and English.

Tanzania

Tanzania is an Africa country located in the east, and it is famous for its vast wilderness area. The country has a population of over 58 million, and its capital city is called Dodoma. 

Togo

Togo is a West African country close to the Gulf of Guinea, with Lome’s country capital. Togo has over 8 million, and the official language is French and other national languages.

Tunisia

The Republic of Tunisia is a North African country close to Algeria, Libya, and the Mediterranean Sea. The country’s capital city is called Tunis, and the population is 11.8 million. 

Uganda

Uganda is an East Africa country that is close to Rwanda and Kenya. The capital of Uganda is called Kampala, and the population is over 44 million. Swahili and English is the official language.

Zambia

Zambia is located in Southern Africa, sharing close borders with Zimbabwe. The population of the country is about 17.86 million, and the capital city is called Lusaka.

Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe is a southern Africa country popularly known along with the African countries for its waterfall. Zimbabwe has a population of about 14.65 million, and its capital city is called Harare.

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